Social housing # chile # Casas-Ruca en Huechuraba

” This work do not have the forms of shaped foxglove of many people of the big offices (Frank Gehry, OMA, etc.). They are more direct and accessible in its austerity, more understandable. They attract of a very visceral form “, said i Anne Schopf of the AIA
The acquaintance architect Cristián Undurraga, projected in 2010 this group of social housings of 68 m2 adapted for inhabitants of origin Mapuche (25 families).
These housings are characterized for Mapuche takes the cosmovisión and the way of life as factors of design. For example, his front re-dressed in coligües acts as filter of the morning beams that they are born of the east. Also a trunk that  crosses diagonally symbolizes the Rehue, which is the connection of the land with the universe.
On the other hand I bathe and kitchen they are separated, the kitchen is in the first floor, as center of the family activity and the bath in the second one. In addition every room is designed so that the support of the bed remains orientated towards the north. Finally, the access of the housings looks at the east, since this one always must look at the exit of the Sun. This one was one of the big challenges at the moment of projecting.
One of the big attractions of this project has been the emphasis that has given him to the energy efficiency of the College. There will use geothermal energy, which works based on heat pumps, which take water of wells installed to 120 meters below the surface. This will allow to reduce in 70 % the energetic consumption.
For this reason, the new headquarters will be covered completely with insulating elements, like aislapol in walls and termopaneles in windows. Hereby to safeguard the environmental interior conditions optimized thanks to the geothermal energy.
>> Gordon, Katerina. “En Construcción Noticias: Casas-Ruca en Huechuraba, Santiago / Termina Obra Gruesa Santiago College” 13 Aug 2011. Plataforma Arquitectura. Accesado el 06 Oct 2013. <http://www.plataformaarquitectura.cl/102738&gt;

This is the first social housings designed according to the logic of a ruca Mapuche, in Huechuraba’s commune. The project qualified as a “milestone” in the development habitacional of the aborigens who live in Santiago, seeks to rescue the customs and the cosmovisión of the members of this etnia, who in the commune reach 10 % of the population.

Because the indigenous topic must be in the spirit of the country for an acceptance to the diversity and a good treatment.
The front of the housings do not have door of access (this one is located in the posterior part), but a great  large window of tables of coligüe that looks at the east. This allows that the Sun should penetrate tenuemente in the house during the morning, to emulate, this way, the effect of the branches that surround a ruca.
” This work do not have the forms of shaped foxglove of many people of the big offices (Frank Gehry, OMA, etc.). They are more direct and accessible in its austerity, more understandable. They attract of a very visceral form “, said i Anne Schopf of the AIA
01 casa ruca santiago social housing2 02casa ruca santiago social housing1
04 casa ruca social housing03 casa ruca santiago social housing3

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